Endometriosis: Understanding Symptoms and Causes

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Imagine life becoming synonymous with pain!!. This is the harsh reality for millions of women suffering from endometriosis, a problem hardly understood and largely ignored. March marks Endometriosis Awareness Month. A month dedicated to raise awareness about endometriosis and empower women facing this often little understood and misdiagnosed condition. As a senior consultant and gynecologist with extensive experience, I am committed to providing clarity and dispelling myths surrounding endometriosis.

March is Endometriosis Awareness Month
Breaking the silence: Endometriosis Awareness Month

With this in-depth blog, we’ll embark on a journey to demystify this condition. Empower yourself by learning more about endometriosis! Throughout this blog series, we’ll delve into its causes, symptoms, and management strategies. Together, let’s break the silence and shine a light on endometriosis awareness.

Stay tuned as we explore the complexities of this condition, one step at a time.

Endometriosis Awareness Month: A Time for Action

Every March, the world unites to observe Endometriosis Awareness Month. This dedication was started in 1993 by The Endometriosis Association. It serves a crucial purpose: raising awareness and fostering understanding. And advocating for the millions of women and individuals living with endometriosis.

Birth of a New Movement 

The year 1993 marked a significant turning point in the fight against endometriosis. The movement was started by Mary Lou Ballweg at Milwaukee. This marked the beginning of a global movement to raise awareness about endometriosis. A condition affecting an estimated 190 million women worldwide.

Each March, millions observe Endometriosis Awareness Month. It highlights the challenges faced by those with the disease. And emphasize the need for continued research, improved diagnosis and treatment options.

The Significance of the Yellow Ribbon

Yellow became the official color for endometriosis awareness in 1980. The yellow ribbon, with the words “Ask me about endometriosis,” is an awareness tool. This simple symbol is imbued with meaning. It serves as a powerful reminder of the ongoing fight against endometriosis.

Now that we understand the history and significance of Endometriosis Awareness Month. Let’s delve into what endometriosis is and how it impacts individuals.

What Causes Endometriosis: A Complex Condition

Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining inside the uterus, called the endometrium starts growing outside the uterus. This tissue is found on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, outer surface of the uterus, and other organs in the pelvis. In fact it can be found in any organ of the body like gut, lungs, brain!!

However, unlike the lining inside the uterus, which sheds and leaves the body during menstruation, the misplaced tissue becomes trapped and can cause pain, inflammation, and scar tissue formation.

There are different types of endometriosis based on the location and depth of the misplaced tissue:

  • Superficial endometriosis – This is the most common type. Where the tissue is found on the surface of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the tissues lining the pelvis.
  • Deep infiltrating endometriosis – This type involves tissue growing deeper into the pelvic tissues, such as the muscles, nerves, and bowels.

While not cancerous, endometriosis can have an enormous impact a woman’s life. It can mess up with her education, career, her finances, with her relationships…in fact it impacts every aspect of her life! Common symptoms include:

Recognizing the Signs: Common Symptoms of Endometriosis

Here are some of the most common symptoms of endometriosis:

  • Painful periods (dysmenorrhea). This can be the most prominent symptom. Remember excessive period pain is not normal and needs medical attention. Often starting before period, it can last for several days. .
  • Pelvic pain throughout the menstrual cycle. You may experience pain during ovulation, bowel movements, or urination.
  • Heavy bleeding during periods: Some women experience abnormally heavy menstrual bleeding .
  • Painful intercourse – Sex can become very painful and may result in relationship issues
  • Fatigue – Affected women very often complain of total lack of energy
  • Difficulty getting pregnant (infertility): 50% women with endometriosis have fertility issues.

It’s important to remember that not everyone with endometriosis experiences all these symptoms. The severity can vary greatly. If you suspect you may have endometriosis, don’t hesitate to talk to your doctor. Visit them for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Illustration of Endometriosis Signs and Symptoms Explained
Endometriosis: Understanding Its Signs and Symbols

It’s crucial to remember that these symptoms are not “normal.” If you are experiencing any of them it requires seeking medical advice. Early diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis can significantly improve your quality of life. And help you manage the condition effectively. Don’t hesitate to speak to your doctor about your concerns. And work towards a healthier, pain-free future.

FAQs: Endometriosis Awareness Month

Q: Can endometriosis be cured?

A: While there is no cure for endometriosis, symptoms can be managed effectively. I t need a combination of medication, lifestyle changes,and sometimes surgery.

Q: Is endometriosis a form of cancer?

A: No, endometriosis is not a form of cancer. It is a benign condition where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus.


Throughout this Endometriosis Awareness Month, we will be exploring the complexities of this condition. We would be taking about its causes and symptoms to the challenges of managing it daily. Remember, millions of women worldwide navigate life with endometriosis. Remember you are not alone and there are always ways and means to deal with it effectively.

While there is no cure, hope and empowerment are key. By speaking openly about your experiences, seeking professional support, engaging in the treatment plan, you can effectively manage endometriosis and live a fulfilling life.

Join the conversation: Share this information and raise awareness! Use the hashtag #EndometriosisAwareness on social media to connect with others and amplify your voice.

Wear the yellow ribbon: This simple symbol is a powerful reminder of the ongoing fight against endometriosis. Wear it with pride and spark conversations about the condition.

Support organizations. Donate to or volunteer your time with organizations dedicated to raising awareness. Funding research, and advocating for improved diagnosis and treatment options for endometriosis.

Together, we can change the perception of period pain!. Advocate for change, and empower individuals living with endometriosis. Let’s create a brighter future. Everyone can live a life free from the physical and emotional burdens of this condition.

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Dr. Madhu Goel
Senior Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist
Director, Fortis La Femme

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