Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) – Diagnosis and treatment
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. It is a complex condition that can cause a wide range of symptoms and long-term health problems. Women with PCOS may have irregular menstrual cycles, difficulty getting pregnant, and an increased risk of developing certain health conditions such as insulin resistance, diabetes, and heart disease. Read our blogs by Dr. Madhu Goel, the best PCOS Specialist in Delhi to learn about PCOS symptoms, causes, and treatments.
The cause of PCOS is still not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to an imbalance of hormones in the body. One of the main hormones involved in PCOS is insulin, which regulates the body’s use of glucose. Women with PCOS often have higher levels of insulin resistance, which means that their bodies are not using insulin effectively. This can lead to an increase in insulin levels, which in turn can cause an increase in the production of androgens, male hormones that are present in both men and women. High levels of androgens can interfere with ovulation, causing irregular periods and making it difficult to get pregnant.
Another factor that may contribute to the development of PCOS is inflammation. Inflammation can cause the ovaries to produce excess androgens, which can interfere with ovulation and lead to the development of small cysts on the ovaries. This is why the condition is referred to as polycystic ovary syndrome.
The symptoms of PCOS can vary from woman to woman, but some of the most common symptoms include:
- Irregular periods or no periods at all
- Difficulty getting pregnant
- Excess hair growth on the face, chest, and back
- Acne and oiliness of the skin
- Dark, thick, velvety skin patches, usually around the neck, armpits, or groin
- Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
- Thinning of the hair on the scalp
Diagnosis of PCOS is based on a combination of symptoms, physical examination, and laboratory tests. A doctor may perform a pelvic exam to check for the presence of cysts on the ovaries, and may also order blood tests to measure hormone levels. An ultrasound may also be performed to confirm the presence of cysts and to evaluate the thickness of the endometrial lining.
Treatment for PCOS is aimed at managing the symptoms and reducing the risk of long-term health problems. Some of the most common treatments for PCOS include:
- Lifestyle changes: Losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise can help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce the risk of developing other health problems associated with PCOS.
- Medications: Hormonal medications, such as birth control pills, can help regulate menstrual cycles and reduce the symptoms of PCOS. Metformin, a medication used to treat type 2 diabetes, can also help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce the symptoms of PCOS.
- Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be recommended to remove the cysts on the ovaries. This procedure, called laparoscopic ovarian drilling, can help restore ovulation and improve fertility.
If you are struggling with PCOS and are looking for the best PCOS specialist in Delhi, you can turn to Dr. Madhu Goel. She is a highly experienced and skilled gynecologist who specializes in the treatment of PCOS and other reproductive health conditions. She has a deep understanding of the complexities of this condition and is dedicated to helping her patients achieve optimal health and wellness.
Dr. Madhu Goel uses a comprehensive and personalized approach to the treatment of PCOS, taking into account each patient’s unique symptoms and medical history. She is committed to providing her patients with the best possible care and will work with you to develop a treatment plan that meets your individual needs and goals.