What is endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition where cells similar to those that line the uterus (the endometrium) are found in other parts of the body.Endometrioma (Endometriotic cyst) is the localised collection of endometriotic tissue (most commonly in ovary)

What causes Endometriosis

  • Retrograde (backward) menstruation: Backward flow of the blood along the fallopian tubes into the pelvis
  • Metaplasia: the conversion of the normal pelvis tissue into endometriosis
  • Family history: women who have a close relative with the condition are likely to get endometriosis.

Diagnosis of Endometriosis

  • Pelvic ultrasound
  • Laparoscopy
  • Biopsy

Symptoms of Endometriosis

  • Pelvic pain
  • Painful periods
  • Painful intercourse
  • Painful bowel movements or urination
  • Infertility

How endometriosis causes infertility

  • Altered hormonal levels
  • Distorted pelvic anatomy
  • Decreased AMH levels
  • Poor egg quality

Treatment

MEDICAL

Only gives the temporary relief

(Both injectable and oral treatment)

To relieve unbearable pain

SURGICAL

To restore the normal pelvic anatomy

(If it can improve the fertility rate)

  • If you are going for IVF you may or may not need a surgery. Consult your Doctor …….
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